Archive for November, 2010

Biblical Prophecies on the Advent of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam

15 November 2010

The Biblical prophecies on the advent of the Prophet Muhammad are evidence of the truth of Islam for people who believe in the Bible.

In Deuteronomy 18, Moses stated that God told him: “I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account.” (Deuteronomy 18:18-19).

From these verses we conclude that the prophet in this prophecy must have the following three characteristics:

  1. That he will be like Moses.
  2. That he will come from the brothers of the Israelites, i.e. the Ishmaelites.
  3. That God will put His words in to the mouth of this prophet and that he will declare what God commands him.

Let us examine these three characteristics in more depth:

1) A prophet like Moses:

There were hardly any two prophets who were so much alike as Moses and Muhammad. Both were given a comprehensive law and code of life. Both encountered their enemies and were victorious in miraculous ways. Both were accepted as prophets and statesmen. Both migrated following conspiracies to assassinate them. Analogies between Moses and Jesus overlook not only the above similarities but other crucial ones as well. These include the natural birth, the family life, and death of Moses and Muhammad but not of Jesus. Moreover Jesus was regarded by his followers as the Son of God and not exclusively as a prophet of God, as Moses and Muhammad were and as Muslims believe Jesus was. So, this prophecy refers to the Prophet Muhammad and not to Jesus, because Muhammad is more like Moses than Jesus.

Also, one notices from the Gospel of John that the Jews were waiting for the fulfillment of three distinct prophecies. The first was the coming of Christ. The second was the coming of Elijah. The third was the coming of the Prophet. This is obvious from the three questions that were posed to John the Baptist: “Now this was John’s testimony, when the Jews of Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was. He did not fail to confess, but confessed freely, “I am not the Christ.” They asked him, “Then who are you? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the Prophet?” He answered, “No.” (John 1:19-21). If we look in a Bible with cross-references, we will find in the marginal notes where the words “the Prophet” occur in John 1:21, that these words refer to the prophecy of Deuteronomy 18:15 and 18:18.2 We conclude from this that Jesus Christ is not the prophet mentioned in Deuteronomy 18:18.

2) From the brothers of the Israelites:

Abraham had two sons, Ishmael and Isaac (Genesis 21). Ishmael became the grandfather of the Arab nation, and Isaac became the grandfather of the Jewish nation. The prophet spoken of was not to come from among the Jews themselves, but from among their brothers, i.e. the Ishmaelites. Muhammad, a descendant of Ishmael, is indeed this prophet.

Also, Isaiah 42:1-13 speaks of the servant of God, His “chosen one” and “messenger” who will bring down a law. “He will not falter or be discouraged till he establishes justice on earth. In his law the islands will put their hope.” (Isaiah 42:4). Verse 11, connects that awaited one with the descendants of Kedar. Who is Kedar? According to Genesis 25:13, Kedar was the second son of Ishmael, the ancestor of the Prophet Muhammad.

3) God will put His words in the mouth of this prophet:

The words of God (the Holy Quran) were truly put into Muhammad’s mouth. God sent the Angel Gabriel to teach Muhammad the exact words of God (the Holy Quran) and asked him to dictate them to the people as he heard them. The words are therefore not his own. They did not come from his own thoughts, but were put into his mouth by the Angel Gabriel. During the life time of Muhammad, and under his supervision, these words were then memorized and written by his companions.

Also, this prophecy in Deuteronomy mentioned that this prophet will speak the words of God in the name of God. If we looked to the Holy Quran, we will find that all its chapters, except Chapter 9, are preceded or begin with the phrase, “In the Name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.”

Another indication (other than the prophecy in Deuteronomy) is that Isaiah ties the messenger connected with Kedar with a new song (a scripture in a new language) to be sung to the Lord (Isaiah 42:10-11). This is mentioned more clearly in the prophecy of Isaiah: “and another tongue, will he speak to this people” (Isaiah 28:11 KJV). Another related point, is that the Quran was revealed in sections over a span of twenty-three years. It is interesting to compare this with Isaiah 28 which speaks of the same thing, “For it is: Do and do, do and do, rule on rule, rule on rule; a little here, a little there.” (Isaiah 28:10).

Note that God has said in the prophecy of Deuteronomy 18, “If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account.” (Deuteronomy, 18:19). This means that whoever believes in the Bible must believe in what this prophet says, and this prophet is the Prophet Muhammad.

Peristiwa Terbentuknya Sumur Zam-Zam

14 November 2010

Menurut catatan Alkitab dalam Kitab Kejadian 21:8-13, setelah menyapih Ishak, yang berarti Ismail berusia sekitar 16 tahun, Sarah cemburu dengan Ismail ketika melihat ia bermain bersama Ishak. Kemudian, ia meminta agar Abraham membuang Hagar dan Ismail. Abraham merasa tertekan dengan permintaan ini, tetapi Allah meyakinkan Abraham bahwa ia harus mengikuti permintaan Sarah. Kisah Alkitab kemudian dilanjutkan dalam Kitab Kejadian berikut ini:

“Keesokan harinya pagi-pagi Abraham mengambil roti serta sekirbat air dan memberikannya kepada Hagar. Ia meletakkan itu beserta anaknya di atas bahu Hagar, kemudian disuruhnyalah perempuan itu pergi. Maka pergilah Hagar dan mengembara di padang gurun Bersyeba. Ketika air yang dikirbat itu habis, dibuangnyalah anak itu ke bawah semak-semak, dan ia duduk agak jauh, kira-kira sepemanah jauhnya, sebab katanya: “Tidak tahan aku melihat anak itu mati.” Sedang ia duduk di situ, menangislah dia dengan suara nyaring. Allah mendengar suara anak itu, lalu Malaikat Allah berseru dari langit kepada Hagar, kata-Nya kepadanya: “Apakah yang engkau susahkan, Hagar? Janganlah takut, sebab Allah telah mendengar suara anak itu dari tempat ia terbaring. Bangunlah, angkatlah anak itu, dan peganglah erat-erat dengan tanganmu, sebab Aku akan membuat dia menjadi bangsa yang besar.” Lalu Allah membuka mata Hagar, sehingga ia melihat sebuah sumur; ia pergi mengisi kirbatnya dengan air, kemudian diberinya anak itu minum.” (Kejadian 21:14-19 – DRB 1582 & KJV 1611)

Dalam kutipan di atas, underline (garis bawah) diberikan untuk frasa-frasa kunci yang mengilustrasikan kemustahilan catatan Kitab Kejadian mengenai Ismail yang berusia 16 tahun pada saat itu. Hagar dengan berbagai cara harus memperlakukan Ismail dengan cara:

  1. meletakkan Ismail, roti dan sekirbat air di atas bahunya
  2. membuang Ismail ke bawah semak-semak (membaringkannya)
  3. mengangkat Ismail dari tempat ia terbaring dan memegang erat-erat Ismail dengan tangannya.

Tindakan Hagar di atas, tidaklah pantas dilakukan untuk anak berusia 16 tahun. Tetapi tindakan tersebut mungkin saja dilakukan terhadap seorang balita yang belum disapih dan belum bisa berjalan. Padahal sebelumnya, Ismail sudah bisa bermain bersama dengan Ishak, yang berarti Ismail sudah besar dan sudah bisa berlari-lari.

Perhatikan juga nama tempat yang tertulis dalam Taurat adalah Bersyeba, padahal peristiwa tersebut terjadi di lembah Baka/Mekah. Tidak ada bukti sama sekali bahwa peristiwa tersebut terjadi di Bersyeba (Palestina dan sekitarnya), tetapi bukti-bukti itu justru dapat dilihat di Baka/Mekah, yaitu Bukit Shafa dan Marwah, dan Sumur Zam-Zam. Oleh karena Ismail, semenjak diungsikan hingga wafatnya adalah di kota Baka/Mekah.

Ketika itu, Ismail memang masih bayi yang baru beberapa hari dilahirkan. Untuk menghindari kecemburuan Sara, istri pertama Abraham, Allah memerintahkan Abraham untuk mengungsikan Ismail dan ibunya, Hagar, ke lembah Baka/Mekah. Sesampainya di lembah Baka/Mekah, Abraham diperintahkan oleh Allah untuk kembali ke Palestina (Kanaan) menemui Sara dan meninggalkan Ismail dan Hagar di lembah tersebut. Beberapa saat kemudian, Ismail menangis kehausan dan segala persediaan sudah habis. Hagar pun harus mondar-mandir antara Bukit Shafa dan Bukit Marwah sebanyak 7 kali untuk mencari air dan tidak pula ia dapatkannya. Atas pertolongan Allah melalui malaikat Jibril, tiba-tiba muncullah mata air yang deras dari bawah kaki Ismail, dan Hagar pun berteriak kegirangan, “Zam Zam, Zam Zam!” Oleh karena itu, mukjizat Nabi Ismail ini sekarang dikenal sebagai Sumur Zam-Zam.

Indikasi peristiwa terbentuknya Sumur Zam-Zam di Baka/Mekah ini masih dapat ditemukan dalam Kitab Mazmur berikut ini:

84:5 (84-6) Berbahagialah manusia yang kekuatannya di dalam Engkau, yang berhasrat mengadakan ziarah!

84:6 (84-7) Apabila melintasi lembah Baka, mereka membuatnya menjadi tempat yang bermata air; bahkan hujan pada awal musim menyelubunginya dengan berkat.

Jelas sekali bahwa kisah di atas merupakan salah satu bukti telah terjadinya perombakan di dalam Taurat. Ismail yang berusia 16 tahun diperlakukan seperti bayi yang masih berumur 2 bulanan. Perombak Taurat tampaknya ingin menunjukkan seolah-olah Ishaklah kakak Ismail, oleh karena Ishak baru saja disapih yang berarti usianya sekitar 2 tahunan, sementara Ismail masih bayi (padahal usia Ismail sekitar 16 tahunan).

Salam Idul Adha 1431 H

13 November 2010

 

Selamat Hari Raya Idul Adha 1431 Hijriyah
Id Mubarak!!!

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